The emergence of Artificial Intelligence and its technological applications raises some fundamental, intriguing and troubling questions. We are now entering a stage of modern technology that moves beyond machines that can correlate massive amounts of information, do complex tasks faster and with more precision that surpasses human capacity. Machines are being programed to replicate human neural networks that allow them to correlate information, analyze data, and make judgments on a scale and in a way, that seemingly demonstrates independent capabilities. Artificial intelligence is transforming modern medicine, manufacturing, and even education. Will it be put to destructive ends as Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates and Elon Musk have warned? Will machines eventually attain consciousness as we know it? Will machines think? Will they dream?